Saturday, November 3, 2018

What is individual social responsibility?

As individuals, we are not isolated units, but are a part of the society we live in. All of us are connected to each other. This is what our Vedas also teach us. “Vasudhaiva kutumbakam” i.e. “the whole world is one family” is a fundamental principle of Vedic philosophy.

Society helps us to grow as individuals. So while we take from the society, it’s only right that we also give back. Because its only then will we have a true sense of belonging to the community we live in.

Each one of us therefore has a social responsibility to work for the welfare of people, outside our immediate circle or the community. This is individual social responsibility.

Individual social responsibility is not exclusive to betterment of people; it also means, what we as individuals can contribute towards improving our environment.

Our ancient scriptures have described what charity is and what its benefits are.

In Chapter 17, Shloka 20, the Bhagawad Gita says,

दातव्यमिति यद्दानं दीयतेऽनुपकारिणे |
देशे काले पात्रे तद्दानं सात्विकं स्मृतम् || 20||

“dātavyam iti yad dāna dīyate ‘nupakārie
deśhe kāle cha pātre cha tad dāna
sāttvika smitam”

“Charity given to a worthy person simply because it is right to give, without consideration of anything in return, at the proper time and in the proper place, is stated to be in the mode of goodness”.

In Chapter 18, Shloka 5, the Bhagawad Gita says

यज्ञदानतप:कर्म त्याज्यं कार्यमेव तत् |
यज्ञो दानं तपश्चैव पावनानि मनीषिणाम् || 5||

yajña-dāna-tapa-karma na tyājya kāryam eva tat
yajño dāna
tapaśh chaiva pāvanāni manīhiām

“Actions based upon sacrifice, charity, and penance should never be abandoned; they must certainly be performed. Indeed, acts of sacrifice, charity, and penance are purifying even for those who are wise.”

In Chapter 18, Shloka 6, the Bhagawad Gita says

एतान्यपि तु कर्माणि सङ्गं त्यक्त्वा फलानि |
कर्तव्यानीति मे पार्थ निश्चितं मतमुत्तमम् || 6||

etāny api tu karmāi saga tyaktvā phalāni cha
kartavyānīti me pārtha niśhchita
matam uttamam

“These activities must be performed without attachment and expectation for rewards. This is my definite and supreme verdict, O Arjun.

The Ramayana also concurs in the following verse:

“pragaa chāri pada dharma ke kali mahu ek pradhāna
jena kena bidhi dīnhe dāna karai kalyāna [v6]”

“Dharma has four basic tenets, one amongst which is the most important in the age of Kali—give in charity by whatever means possible.”

The Skandh Purā states:

nyāyopārjita vittasya daśhamānśhena dhīmata
kartavyo viniyogaśhcha īśhvaraprityarthameva cha [v7]

“From the wealth you have earned by rightful means, take out one-tenth, and as a matter of duty, give it away in charity. Dedicate your charity for the pleasure of God.”

In Islam, all Muslims who meet the necessary criteria of wealth are required to give 2.5% of their total wealth to the needy as ‘Zakat’.

Sikhism also requires Sikhs to donate one-tenth of their earnings as “Daan” towards the common resources of the community.

As doctors, we should devote 10% of our time to charity in the form of free OPDs or camps.

Charity is selfless; therefore any act of charity teaches us “aparigraha” or non-possession or non-attachment; it fosters an attitude of helping others; the joy it brings to us is abundant.

Charity or daan or individual social responsibility is voluntary, but as Mahatma Gandhi said, “The best way to find yourself is to lose yourself in the service of others.”

Dr KK Aggarwal
Padma Shri Awardee
President Elect Confederation of Medical Associations in Asia and Oceania   (CMAAO)
Group Editor-in-Chief IJCP Publications
President Heart Care Foundation of India
Immediate Past National President IMA

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