The need for tobacco harm reduction is apparent from global data on smoking. The statistics relating to smoking-related mortality and morbidity across the world are grim
· Smoking tobacco results in the world’s deadliest preventable diseases, prematurely ending the lives of half of all smokers.
· Smoking cigarettes is a major cause of lung and oral cancer, progressive respiratory diseases such as emphysema, and heart disease.
· One person dies from a smoking-related disease every six seconds.
· Over six million people die from a smoking-related disease every year.
· More people die from smoking cigarettes than from malaria, HIV and tuberculosis combined.
· The WHO estimates that by the end of the century one billion people will have succumbed to a smoking-related disease.
· The US Surgeon General’s report on tobacco published in 2014 estimated that in the 50 years since
· 1964, 20 million American citizens had died from a smoking-related disease.
· The global cost of treating smoking--related diseases in terms of healthcare and lost productivity is estimated by the WHO at US$1 trillion annually.
· Smoking-related death and disease disproportionally affects those living in poverty and deprivation in richer countries, and those with mental health and other substance use problems.
(Source: No Fire, No Smoke Global State of Tobacco Harm Reduction, 2018 (2018). London: Knowledge-Action-Change)
Padma Shri Awardee
President Elect Confederation of Medical Associations in Asia and Oceania (CMAAO)
Group Editor-in-Chief IJCP Publications
President Heart Care Foundation of India