- A wound is a disruption of the normal structure and function of the skin.
- Antibiotic therapy is not indicated in all the wounds and is reserved only for infected wounds.
- It is important to keep blood sugar under control while managing a wound.
- All wounds which are contaminated or with foreign bodies need debridement.
- Irrigation or the wound is the best for reducing bacterial load and removing loose material.
- Irrigation can be done with worm saline.
- Principles of wound management are – scrub, clean and dressing.
- Scrubbing means that dressing should be done with clean hands, which requires proper scrubbing of the hands.
- Would cleaning means that the wound should first be cleaned and finally after cleaning it requires a proper dressing.
- Some wounds may require suturing, especially if the wound is of less than six hours duration.
- In an accident if a finger is cut or a tooth is removed, one should preserve the finger or the tooth and take it to the nearest hospital along with the patient for reimplantation.
- The best way to carry the amputated finger or uprooted tooth is to put them in a plastic bag and that bag to be put in a box containing ice.
- Skin burns should be treated firstly by putting the area under the running water till the burning disappears.
- In a patient with burns, the blister that forms should not be punctured.
- Presence of pain is also good sign and indicates that the burns are superficial.
Wednesday, August 6, 2014
Managing wounds at home
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