All clinical establishments, chemists/pharmacists are required to report every case of TB or else face penal provisions. Those who fail to report TB cases can now be tried under sections 269 and 270 of the Indian Penal Code, according to a notification (as below) issued by the Health Ministry.
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
(Department of Health and Family Welfare)
New Delhi, the 16th March, 2018
F.No. Z-28015/2/2012-TB.—Whereas, the Central Government is satisfied, that tuberculosis is a dangerous epidemic disease, threat to life and is a major public health problem accounting for substantial morbidity and mortality in the country. Early diagnosis and complete treatment of tuberculosis is the corner-stone of tuberculosis prevention and control strategy. Further, inappropriate diagnosis and irregular or incomplete treatment with anti-tubercular drugs may contribute to complications, disease spread and emergence of drug resistant tuberculosis.
2. Whereas, to ensure proper tuberculosis diagnosis and its management in patients and their contacts and to reduce tuberculosis transmission and further to address the prob- lems of emergence and spread of Drug Resistant-Tuberculosis, it is essential to collect complete information of all tuberculosis patients.
3. Now, therefore, in the interest of public health to control and prevent the tuberculosis disease, the Central Government, specify the following measures, namely:-
(1) The Healthcare Providers, termed as Clinical Establishment henceforth; shall notify every tuberculosis patient to local Public Health Authority, namely, District Health Officer or Chief Medical Officer of a District and Municipal Health Officer of urban local bodies in whatever way they are known; or their designated District Tuberculosis Officers in a format as specified in, -
(i) Annexure-I by the Medical Laboratories;
(ii) Annexure-II by the Medical Practitioners.
(2) All Pharmacy, Chemist and Druggist dispensing anti-tubercular medicines, shall notify respective tuberculosis patients along with details of medicines as per Annexure-III and maintain a copy of prescription - Annexure IV, the treating Medical Practitioner as per Schedule H1 of the Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945; and shall furnish the same either electronically or in hard copy, to the Nodal Officer of the District or any Officer authorised by Nodal Officer.
(3) Considering the importance of patient support needed for complete and appropriate treatment of all tuberculosis patients are encouraged to self-notify themselves with their own details and that of treating medical practitioners.
4. Definitions: For the purpose of this notification, unless the context otherwise requires, the expressions -
(i) ‘Tuberculosis patient’ means a patient diagnosed with at least one clinical specimen positive for acid fast bacilli, or culture-positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis or rapid diagnostic molecular test positive for tuberculosis, or any other tests recommended by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India or a patient diagnosed clinically as a case of tuberculosis, without microbiologic confirmation, and initiated on anti-tubercular drugs.
(ii) ‘clinical establishment’ shall have the meaning assigned to it, clause (c) of Section 2 of the Clinical Establishment Registration and Regulation Act, 2010, (23 of 2010).
5. List and contact details of the concerned State Tuberculosis Officers and District Tuberculosis Officers, shall be regularly updated by the Central Tuberculosis Division, in the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India and made available on www.tbcindia.gov.in and https://nikshay.gov.in; who are responsible for implementation of tuberculosis notification in their respective areas of jurisdiction and shall ensure that following action is taken by local public health staff of general health system of rural or urban local bodies, on receipt of information on tuberculosis patient notification through hard copy or through online application named Nikshay:
(1) patient home visit as per convenience of patient;
(2) counselling of tuberculosis patient and family members;
(3) treatment adherence and follow up support ensure treatment completion;
(4) contact tracing, symptoms screening, evaluation of tuberculosis symptomatics and offering isoniazid chemoprophylaxis to eligible contacts;
(5) offering HIV counselling and testing, drug susceptibility testing;
(6) linking with available social welfare and support schemes.
6. Secured web portal like https://nikshay.gov.in shall be made available by the Central Tuberculosis Division to all practitioners, clinical establishments, pharmacies, chemists, druggists and patients for online submission of information.
7. The information on tuberculosis notification received by Public Health Staff, shall be used only for extending the care and support, take appropriate public health action as mentioned in paragraph 5 above; including financial and non-financial incentives to patients, like free drugs and diagnostics, screening for co-morbidities, drug susceptibility testing, information technology based treatment adherence support system for improving quality care, etc., and providing feedback to the respective treating medical practitioner: provided that the confidentiality of the individual identity of the tuberculosis patients shall be maintained.
8. Tuberculosis patients notified from Pharmacies, Chemists and Druggists and those patients self-notified, shall be contacted and verified by Public Health Authority or their authorized representative.
9. For tuberculosis patients notified from Medical Laboratory, Chemist and self-notification by tuberculosis patient, staff of public health system will gather information to complete notification which include basis of diagnosis, site of disease, history of anti-tubercular treatment and classify type of tuberculosis patient.
10. These measures shall prevail over the earlier measures issued vide order F.No. Z-28015/2/2012-TB, dated the 7th May 2012 and its amendment dated the 23th July 2015.
11. The Clinical Establishment, Pharmacy, Chemist and Druggist, failing to notify a tuberculosis patient to the nodal officer, as mentioned in paragraph 3 above and local public health staff of general health system of rural or urban local bodies, not taking appropriate public health action on receiving tuberculosis patient notification as per paragraph 5 above, may attract the provisions of sections 269 and 270 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860), as the case may be, which are reproduced below:
“269. Negligent act likely to spread infection of disease dangerous to life. - Whoever unlawfully or negligently does any act which is, and which he knows or has rea- son to believe to be, likely to spread the infection of any disease dangerous to life, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine, or with both.
270. Malignant act likely to spread infection of disease dangerous to life. - Whoever malignantly does any act which is, and which he knows or has reason to believe to be, likely to spread the infection of any disease dangerous to life, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.”
Arun Kumar Jha
· Standards of TB care in India (Rough Draft). http://issue.emedinews.in/archive/16_7_15.html
Dr KK Aggarwal
Padma Shri Awardee
Vice President CMAAO
Group Editor-in-Chief IJCP Publications
Vice President CMAAO
Group Editor-in-Chief IJCP Publications
President Heart Care Foundation of India
Immediate Past National President IMA