(NIH, July 12, 2019): Moderately reducing caloric intake over a period of 2 years significantly improved cardiometabolic risk factors in young and middle-aged, non-obese adults, according to the Comprehensive Assessment of Long-term Effects of Reducing Intake of Energy (CALERIE) trial published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.
A significant improvement in the multiple cardiometabolic risk factors, including waist circumference, blood pressure, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, insulin sensitivity and fasting glucose, and C-reactive protein was observed in the caloric restriction group vs control group. Calorie restriction was found to improve risk factors for the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and related deaths well below clinical risk thresholds.
Over 200 young and middle-aged normal-weight or moderately overweight adults were randomly assigned to follow either a calorie restriction diet or their usual diets. After two years, participants in the experimental group had reduced their daily caloric intake by 12% and maintained, on average, a 10% loss in body weight.
The trial is supported by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) and the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) at the National Institutes of Health.
Lifestyle has a major role to play in the health and well-being of a person. A healthy lifestyle adopted early in life translates to a healthier adulthood.
Healthy eating habits should be encouraged right at a young age. Too much of calorie-rich food should be avoided by limiting intake of high-fat and high-sugar or salty snacks.
Padma Shri Awardee
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Group Editor-in-Chief IJCP Publications
President Heart Care Foundation of India